How Do Braces Move Teeth? The Science Behind It.

Dr. Firoz Lalani

Medically Reviewed By Dr. Firoz Lalani

Table of Contents

Braces have long been a trusted solution for achieving a perfect smile. Braces consist of brackets attached to the teeth and connected by archwires. These wires apply continuous, gentle pressure on the teeth. Over time, this pressure causes the teeth to move. The bone around the teeth responds to this pressure by breaking down and rebuilding itself in a process called bone remodeling. This allows the teeth to shift into their new positions. Understanding the science behind braces can demystify the process and help you appreciate the journey toward a healthier, more beautiful smile.

What Are Braces, and What Are They For?

Braces are orthodontic devices designed to correct various dental issues, including misaligned teeth, bite problems, and overcrowding. They consist of brackets attached to the teeth and connected by wires, which are periodically adjusted to apply gentle pressure and gradually move the teeth into the desired position.

How Do Braces Work? 

Braces work by applying continuous pressure over time to slowly move teeth in a specific direction. As the teeth move, the bone changes shape to accommodate their new positions. This process involves several key components and steps:

Misalignment of Teeth 

When teeth are not properly aligned, it can lead to several issues, such as difficulty in chewing, speech problems, and an increased risk of dental problems like cavities and gum disease. Braces help realign the teeth, ensuring they fit together correctly.

Rectifying Bite Issues 

Bite issues, such as overbites, underbites, and crossbites, occur when the upper and lower jaws do not meet properly. Braces can adjust the position of the teeth and jaw to correct these issues, improving function and aesthetics.

Correcting Overcrowding 

Overcrowding happens when there is not enough space in the jaw for all the teeth. Braces create the necessary space by moving teeth into a more ideal alignment, which can also make it easier to clean the teeth and maintain oral health.

How Braces Are Placed on Teeth

The process of getting braces involves several steps:

  • Consultation and Evaluation: Your orthodontist will assess your teeth, take X-rays, and create a treatment plan.
  • Preparation: The teeth are cleaned and prepared for the brackets.
  • Attachment: Brackets are bonded to the teeth using a special adhesive.
  • Connecting: Archwires are threaded through the brackets and secured with elastic bands.
  • Adjustments: Regular visits to the orthodontist are necessary for adjustments, where the wires are tightened to continue moving the teeth.

When Will You Start to See Results? 

The time it takes to see results from braces varies depending on the individual’s dental issues and the type of braces used. Generally, you may start to notice changes within a few months, but complete treatment typically takes 18 to 24 months. Regular follow-ups with your orthodontist ensure that your treatment progresses as planned.

Ready for a Perfect Smile?

Braces can transform not just your smile but also your overall confidence and oral health. If you’re considering braces for yourself or a loved one, now is the perfect time to take the next step.

Visit A Dental Care to schedule a consultation with one of our experienced orthodontists. Let us help you achieve the smile you’ve always dreamed of!

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